Friday, April 5, 2019

Boyatzis Theory Of Self Directed Learning

Boyatzis Theory Of egotism Directed accomplishmentIt was proved by Dr. Richard Boyatzis that medicinal and rehabilitative solutions to addictions do not last permanently and why addicts keep coming back to rehab facilities time to time. What this theory has shown is that bounteouss learn what they want to learn. Other things, blush if acquired temporarily (i.e., for a test), are soon forgotten. Students, patients and clients whitethorn act as if they care about encyclopedism something, go through the motions, but they proceed to disregard it or forget it-unless, it is something which they want to learn. Even in situations where aperson is under threat or coercion, a behavioural shift shown will typically extinguish or revert to its original form once the threat is removed. This does not include changes induced, willingly or not, by chemical or hormonal changes in cardinals body. except even in much(prenominal) situations, the interpretation of the changes and behavioural c omportment hobby it will be affected by the persons will, values, and motivations.self-importance-directed change is an intentional change in an aspect of who you are (i.e., the trustworthy) or who you want to be (i.e., the Ideal), or both. Self-directed eruditeness is autonomous change in which you are aware of the change and understand the process of change.The description and explanation of the autonomous change process is organized in five components as shown in the figure below. Each section starts with a point of discontinuity.The persons behaviour may findm to be stuck for long periods of time and then a change appears quite suddenly.The First DiscontinuityCatching Your Dreams, Engaging Your PassionOur aspirations, dreams, and desired states are shaped by our values, philosophy, keep and career stages, motives, role models, and separate factors. This indicates that we can access and engage deep emotional allegiance and psychic energy if we engage our passions and co nceptually catch our dreams in our Ideal Self-image.The Second Discontinuity Am I a Boiling Frog?For regulation reasons, the human psyche protects itself from the automatic intake and conscious actualization of all information about us. These ego-defence mechanisms serve to protect us. The boiling frog syndrome applies here. It is said that if one drops a frog into a pot of boiling water, it will jump out with an instinctive defence mechanism. But if you place a frog in a pot of cool water and gradually add-on the temperature, the frog will sit in the water until it is boiled to death. These slow adjustments to changes are acceptable, but the aforesaid(prenominal) change made dramatically is not tolerated.Those forgiving the change, frightened of it, or who do not care, may allow it to pass unnoticed. Our relationships and interpersonal context mediate and interpret cues from the environment. They help us interpret what things mean. You convey a friend, Am I getting fat? To which she responds, No, you explore great Whether this is reassuring to the listener or not, it is confusing and may not be providing feedback to the question asked. Of course, if she had said, No, it is just the spread of age or normal effects of gravity you may not have more useful information either.There are four major learning points from the initial two discontinuities in the autonomous learning process mesh your passion and create your dreams andKnow thyselfIdentify or articulate both your strengths (those aspects of yourself you want to preserve) and your gaps or discrepancies of your Real and Ideal Selves (those aspects of yourself you want to lodge or change) andKeep your attention on both characteristics forces or factors-do not let one kick the bucket the preoccupationAll of these learning points can be achieved by conclusion and using multiple sources for feedback about your Ideal Self, Real Self, Strengths, and Gaps.The Third Discontinuity Mindfulness Through a Learn ing AgendaA learning orientation arouses a positive belief in ones capabilityand the hope of improvement. A learning agenda helps a person focus on what they want to become. This results in people scenery personal standards of performance, rather than normative standards that merely mimic what others have done.The Fourth Discontinuity MetamorphosisActing on the plan and toward the goals involves numerous activities. These are often made in the context of experimenting with parvenue behaviour. Typically following a period of experimentation, the person practices the new behaviours in actual settings within which they wish to use them, such as at work or at home. During this dampen of the process, independent change and learning begins to look like a continuous improvement process.The Fifth Discontinuity Relationships that Enable Us to LearnOur relationships are an ingrained part of our environment. The most crucial relationships are often a part of groups that have particular s plendor to us. These relationships and groups give us a sense of identity, guide us as to what is appropriate and good behavior, and leave alone feedback on our behavior. In sociology, they are called reference groups. These relationships create a context within which we interpret our do on desired changes, the utility of new learning, and even contribute significantinput to formulation of the Ideal. In this sense, our relationships are mediators, moderators, interpreters, sources of feedback, sources of complement and permission of change and learning They may also be the most important source of egis from relapses or returning to our earlier forms of behavior.The major learning points from the fourth and fifth discontinuities critical in autonomous learning process areExperiment and practice and try to learn more from your experiencesFind settings in which you feel psychologically safe within which to experiment and practice andDevelop and use your relationships as part of yo ur change and learning processThe signposts on the path to self-direct learning areAt the end of self-directed learning approach that we followed, we gave each participant to evaluate him/herself on the below 9 outposts to keep footprint if they are progressing in the right direction.Has the person engaged their passion and dreams? offer they describe the person they want to be, the life and work they want to have in the future? quarter they describe their Ideal Self?Does the person know himself or herself? Do they have a sense of their Real Self?Can the person articulate both their strengths (those aspects he/she wants to preserve) and gaps or discrepancies between their Real and Ideal Selves (those aspects he/she wants to adapt or change)?Has the person help their attention on both Strengths and Gaps- not letting one become the preoccupation?Does the person have their own personal learning agenda? IS it really their own? Can the elements of the plan fit into the structure of th eir life and work? Do the actions fit with their learning style and tractability?Is the person experimenting and practicing new habits and actions? Is the person using their learning plan to learn more from their experiences?Has the person rig settings in which to experiment and practice in which he/she feels psychologically safe?Is the person developing and utilizing his/her relationships as part of their learning process? Do they have coaches, mentors, friends, and others with whomthey can discuss progress on their learning agenda? Do they have relationships with which they can explore each their new behavior, habits, new Ideal Self, new Real Self, new strengths and gaps as the process unfolds?Are they helping others engage in a self-directed learning process?Cognitive behavioural therapyThis is a psychotherapeutic approach, a talking therapy that aims to solve problems concerning nonadaptive emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure.Patter ns of Cognitive Distortions All-Or-Nothing Thinking You see things in black-and-white categories. If your performance move short of perfect, you see yourself as a total failure.Disqualifying the positive You dismiss positive experiences by insisting they dont count for some reason or other. In this way you can maintain a negative belief that is contradicted by your everyday experiences.Magnification (Catastrophizing) or Minimization- You exaggerate the importance of things (such as your goof-up or someone elses achievement), or you inappropriately shrink things until they appear tiny (your own desirable qualities or the other fellows imperfections). This is also called the binocular trick.Should Statements You try to motivate yourself with shoulds and shouldnts, as if you had to be whipped and punished before you could be pass judgment to do anything. Musts and oughts are also offenders. The emotional consequence is guilt. When you direct should statements toward others, you fe el anger, frustration, and resentment.Labelling and Mislabelling This is an extreme form of overgeneralization. quite of describing your error, you attach a negative label to yourself Im a loser. When someone elses behaviour rubs you the wrong way, you attach a negative label to him Hes a goddam louse. Mislabelling involves describing an event with language that is highly coloured and emotionally loaded.Personalization You see yourself as the cause of some negative external event which in fact you were not in the main responsible for.Guard against thesePerfection Syndrome Everybody needs to be and wants to be successful in life. Everybody in life wants to make it. However in doing so, we go overboard, stretch the limits of our body and return to the same stress levels that we treasured to overcome in the beginning.Entitlement Syndrome Those inflicted with Entitlement Syndrome show symptoms of being overly-pampered, completely dependent upon others, frequently whining about triv ial matters, serious of jealousy and rage, excusing themselves out of doing anything difficult, unable to lose or fail gracefully, and they appear to resemble children in adult bodies. The Entitled consistently throw tantrums when they dont get what they want, especially if what they want belongs to the Responsible-Minded. The Entitled will often carry out those who disagree with them, especially if they think it will fund their elaborate lifestyles for a long time.The only allay for this disease is self-control. And the only source of self-control is their God-given moral conscience, which can often be lost birthday suit if the Entitled do not purge themselves from their enablers early in life.Dos and DontsOnly meditation for first one yearbecome aware of your feelings first and , then, to the inner-most thoughtsDo not try to explain or apply any of these things to someone elses lifeDo not try to read anything about psychology, say, for one year

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