Friday, February 22, 2019

Aeneas and Beowulf

Aeneas was the son of Anchises out of Venus (Hamilton 208), prince of Troy, a throw absent exile who became consort to a Queen and father of capital of Italy. No early(a) hero of antiquity had the piety so treasured by the roman print people. For his part, Beowulf was the son of Ecgbeow, exiled for his fathers crimes, Grendels bane, tophus Slayer, and King of Geats. His kit and boodle of valour are birdsong by Saxons and Norse manpower alike. Separated by a considerable span of prison term and distance, Aeneas and Beowulf shared similarities in that both were on the whole in all plainly fearless and are eternally remembered for their pious heroism and the aright deeds they wrought.Aeneas of the Iliad was a trojan prince. Valiant in his own right, though not as coming(a) in arms as his kinsman Hector, he labored mightily to defend his native Troy from the wrath of the Greeks (Camps 23). In the end, he failed and the realm pretermit to its enemies. He alone of the Troj an lords survived the rape of Troy and leads the survivors into exile. Thus does bell ringer conclude his tale of Aeneas, Aphrodites son.In his quest to forge the existence epic of Rome, wise Virgil conceived the Aeneid, the saga of an exile who would become the true founder of Rome (Hamilton 220). Continuing where Homer left off, Virgil had Aeneas take the remnant of his people away from the land of their sorrows. He bore with him the statues of the household gods of Troy. a pious symbolic representation of taking all that remained of Troy with him (Aeneid book I). Daring the perils of the Mediterranean, he sailed nearly in a Greek lake. Every land he passed represent peril from Greeks, if not Cyclops, Harpies or new(prenominal) fell beasts. Yet for all his perils Aeneas held his course, he quailed not and only the c rail ats of Queen Dido could stomach the Trojans for long.Beowulf, on the other hand, had no divine parentage. The true author of this saga potentiometernot no w be known. tradition (Wikipedia) places the author as an Anglo-Saxon from the 7th century A.D. Unlike Aeneas, whose deeds were spun by the fruitful mind of Virgil, Beowulf may very well invite been an actual King Geats sometime in the 5th century A.D. However, his despairing deeds have placed him high in the pantheon of Anglo-Saxon heroes. Beowulfs father Ecgbeow murdered Heaolaf, a Wulfing noble.Unable to pay the were gild to satisfy for killing Heaolaf, Ecgbeow went into exile among the Danes. The Danish King Hrogar p instigate the wereguild in his behalf and asked him to swear an oath. Ecgbeow then entered the emolument of the Geatish king Hreel and marries his daughter. Their issue is Beowulf. maintain for the banishment of his father, Beowulf origins were uneventful, a sharp contrast with the tale of Aeneas. nevertheless curtly enough, Beowulf was called to arms. Hrogar and his court in Zealand are besieged by a demon named Grendel (Heaney 15). In payment for his father s debt, Beowulf traveled from Geatland, essaying to kill Grendel if he might despite the knowledge that the no mortal weapons could harm the Grendel. So began the first base of his three great battles. Grendel bore the motley fool of Cain and was feared by all save Beowulf only. In a mighty duel, Beowulf wrestled with Grendel and mastered him, furious off his arm and sending Grendel scrambling home to discover (Heaney 37). Beowulf then reaped great approve from King Hrogar exactly earned irritability of a new enemy Grendels mother.The second great battle of Beowulf was with no less than Grendels mother who also bore the dread mark of Cain (Heaney 88). Seeking vengeance for her dead son, she entered Hrogars hall and chew schere, his most trusted warrior. As an aside, under the Germanic law of that day, end must be avenged with death or payment called a were gild. Thus Grendels mother conceived that she was merely upholding the law of vengeance (Heaney 101).But since Hrogar saw himself wronged once again, he essayed to collide with Grendels mother. again Beowulf played the heroes part. He dove right into the swamp and slew her with a sword that only he could wield. For the second time, he earns great honor for his deed. Here a Christian theme is played out. Thought to be dead, Beowulf returns to his fellows at non that is, the 9th hr of day or 300 P.M., the same hour that Christ is said to have died (Tolkien 265).Beowulf mastered the Cursed Spawn of Cain, the first murderer. They were demons that no lesser man could slay. Aeneas for his part was Cursed by Juno milksop of the gods. But for Aeneas a lesser confrontation would be unworthy. Motivated by Paris rejection, Junos wrath for Troy (Hamilton 233) extended to Aeneas. Junos hatred is worsened by her foreknowledge that from the loins of Aeneas would come forth the passage of high men who would lay low her own favored metropolis of Carthage (Aeneid accommodate I). She causes a great storm to b e cast upon the exiles give in a vain effort to annihilate them. The storm is so terrible that Aeneas fleet is driven off course and they end up on the shores of Carthage.Dido, queen of Carthage, would find shipwrecked Aeneas and offer him Kingship of Carthage if only he would stay and love her (Hamilton 235). It is at this point that Aeneas piety is stirred anew for mercury is sent to upbraid him. Shamed for straying from his destiny, Aeneas secretly leaves Carthage with all his folk, consequently rekindling hope for the destiny of Rome but also earning the eternal ire of Didos heirs.Aeneas held funeral games in honor of his dead father and shows his piety to his ancestor. (Hamilton 237). With Sibyl, he descended to the depths of Hades to hold converse with those who would become mighty among the Romans (Hamilton 240). His wavering assurance is strengthened and ere long Aeneas leads his followers to the shores of Latinium. At last their wanderings are over, they can now rebuild their homes or so they hoped.Beowulf too proves to be a pious man of high doom. His king Hygelac died in a raid. As the son of a Geatish princess Beowulf was offered the throne. He humbly declined in favor of prince Heardred his kinsman. Headred later harbored the Swedish princes Eadgil and Eanmund who fled Onela the usurper. Eager to put an end to his adversarys, Onela invades Geatland and killed Headred. Beowulf was proclaimed King in his place and under the custom of were gild swore revenge against Onela (Heaney 165). The primary Beowulf text speaks little of this but Swedish sources speak of a counter aggression by Beowulf and Eadgil to restore Eadgil to the throne and avenge Headred (Olson).A hero is scoop remembered for his greatest achievements, For a Roman hero it is his prowess for war. Juno stirred all of Latinium to war against Aeneas but this time he could resist her devices because the Trojans had become mighty in war (Camp 47). Outnumbered in a hostile land, Aenea s and the Trojans fought with desperate valor though they saw little hope.Aeneas left camp to seek aid among his other neighbors first among his new allies is the boy Pallas. (Aeneid Book IX). Ere his supply were mastered, Aeneas returns with the valiant Etruscans. Many deeds worthy of song were forged in that war. Not the least was Aeneas pursuit of an Italian craven who allowed his son to die while he fled.When the war reached an impasse, single combat was proposed between the captains (Aeneid Book XII). On the one hand was Aeneas, prince of Troy, and on the other Turnus, King of the Rutuli. two coveted Lavinia, heiress of Latinium. Turnus was valiant in his own right but his foe was no mere mortal. In that duel Turnus fought valiantly but with no hope. Virgil portrays Aeneas as a demigod who quickly mastered Turnus. The last mentioneds pleas for mercy fell on deaf ears when Aeneas saw that Turnus was habiliment the armor of Pallas(Hamilton 245). A true Roman, Aeneas according ly slew his fallen foe in vengeance for fallen Pallas (Camps 35).Memorable too was the utmost battle of Beowulf king of the Geats for 50 years. In his last days, his realm is plagued by a dragon. Despite his old age he tried to slay the Dragon in open battle but failed. Instead, he enters the Dragons lair accompanied only by Wiglaf his Swedish coition (Heaney 175). They succeeded in killing the Dragon but Beowulf was mortally wounded (Chance 53). tally to Swedish scholar Birger Nerman, Beowulf lies in Skalunda Hg in western hemisphere Geatland.In the time of Beowulf, the Anglo-Saxons and the other Germanic peoples were not yet Christianized. However, the saga tells of Germanic moral codes such as were gild and revenge for the slain overlaid with references to Christian Faith (Chance 47). For example, the mark of Cain, the hour of Non and Beowulfs prayers to a Father nobleman, to name a few. So much so that Allen Cabaniss (101) proposed that the Beowulf was written just to parall el the Bible and present a Christian hero to the Anglo-Saxons.By comparison, Aeneas was valiant and honorable, as most heroes are. He had a destiny to put to death and a people to lead to safety. Son of a goddess, his chief foe was no less than the Queen of the gods (Camps 106). Though the saga was written by a Pagan hand, Aeneas shows Christian virtue as the Romans of Virgils time delimitate it. He was pious to friends and family, to his gods and most of all to his destiny (Camps 93). Many a time he was tempted to remain in comfort and ease in another land. Yet he ultimately resisted and would remain faithful continuing on his path to found Rome.To conclude, Aeneas and Beowulf are valiant and brave as is fitting of true heroes. But to set them apart from the likes of Achilles, they are men who act not out of vanity and pride. Instead, they act out of service and a pious desire to fulfill what they believe is good.Works CitedWilson, outspoken R. The Hand How Its Use Shapes the B rain. New York Pantheon, 1998.Cabaniss, A. Liturgy and Literature. University of Alabama Press, 1970.Camps W.A. entranceway to Virgils Aeneid. Oxford University Press 1969.Chambers R.W. Beowulf An Introduction to the Study of the Poem, 3rd edn Cambridge Press 1959.Chance, Jane. Tolkiens Art a Mythology for England, University Press of Kentucky, 2001.Fulk R.D. Interpretations of Beowulf A Critical Anthology, Midland Book 1991.Hamilton Edith Mythology a timeless tale of gods and heroes, Warner books 1999.Heaney Seamus, Beowulf A New Verse displacement reaction (Bilingual Edition) Norton Press 2000.Tolkien, J.R.R. Beowulf the monsters and the critics, Proceedings of the British Academy, 22 1936.The Project Gutenberg Etext of Vergils Aeneid in side usable at http// (last accessed 14 Nov 07)Olson, Oscar Ludvig, The Relation of the Hrolfs Saga Kraka and the Bjarkarimur to Beowulf A Contribution To The record Of Saga Development In England And The Scandinavian Countries available at http// (last accessed 21 Nov 2007)Beowulf available at http// (last accessed 14 Nov 2007)

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