Saturday, March 2, 2019
Morality of Drug Use
In his book entitled view Critically About Ethical Issues, Vincent Ryan Ruggiero formulated a criteria consisting of three elements, which criteria relates to comply for persons as a theoretical construct and a practical honourable standard for everyday decision making (Ruggiero, 78). These three criteria be obligations, virtuous ideals and consequences, which are all applicable to the determination of proper conduct in relation to dose procedure (Ruggiero, 79).Moral Ideals.Ruggiero explained his purpose of virtuous ideals as pellucid from obligations. For him, ideals are goals that characterize excellence, which goals are aimed at by polar individuals (Ruggiero, 78). In particular, and in relation to respect for persons, he discussed that moral ideals assist a person in achieving respect for persons (Ruggiero, 80).He also explicated that moral ideals could be smooth of various categories, such(prenominal) as the cardinal virtues of old and the theological virtues of app aritional thinkers. He likewise posited that moral ideals could vary from person to person, or from coating to culture (Ruggiero, 81). This is an important proposition, because the differences in moral ideals determine the differences in give-and-take given by each person on varying actions. Thus, one(a) person could regard a moral ideal as more than just that, for example as an obligation that requires compliance.Applying this archetype to the ethical let go of dose use, it would be concluded that the perspective could be viewed from a minute of assorted perspectives, which also have varying moral ideals. This means that drug use could be viewed positively or negatively by different cultures or population, depending on their respective moral ideals.For example, a population of medical practitioners such as doctors would hold on to the ideal that drug use is necessary in certain cases, such as in situations of a disease or illness that could only be cured by the administrat ion of particular drugs. On the otherwise hand, a population consisting of the religious whose faith dictates the avoidance of drugs would hold on to the exact opposite moral ideal. Thus, an ethical decision hinges on the moral ideals to which the population concerned adhere, because such moral ideals determine the kind of ethical decision that would probably be made in any given situation.Obligations.Ruggiero also discussed the notion of obligations as a criterion for determining respect for persons. His concept of obligations refers to the element of fixation into doing a certain act, as determined by the situation pertain or the relationship between or among parties (Ruggiero, 80). He likewise explained that different kinds of situations and interpersonal relations dictate the kind of obligations that are imposed on a person.Viewing drug use in the light of Ruggieros concept of obligations, drug use could be ethically justified by formulating a situation such that the administ ration or prescription of medicinal drugs and the gibe use is seen as an obligation on the part of the doctor and the unhurried to maintain the latters good health and long life.Consequences.Finally, Ruggiero discussed the concept of consequences, which refer to the set up of an action on a person (Ruggiero, 81). He states that the effects could be classified into beneficial or harmful effects, or grouped according to kind, such as whether they are physical or emotional (Ruggiero, 81).The most important aspect of Ruggieros discussion of the outlet is his position that the benefit or harm caused by a limited act is determined by the impact of such an act on all persons involved, including the actor (Ruggiero, 81).This criterion is relevant in the issue of drug use, because ultimately, any ethical decision on this matter hinges on its effects on the user. Therefore, drug use could be ethically justified if it is shown that at that place are health benefits that could favor the u ser or his community. On the other hand, proof that drug use only leads to individual or incorporated harm would tilt the favor against drug use.In sum, Ruggieros three criteria are relevant in any discussion of the morality of drug use. These criteria put up practical knowledge with regard to the things that one should be looking at, previous to making an ethical decision.Works CitedRuggiero, Vincent Ryan. Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues. sixth ed.